ORA-02429: cannot drop index used for enforcement of unique/primary key

Drop or create constraints to change the Primary or unique key index in Oracle

I tried to drop the index from my table but I am getting the following error. Ora-02429: Cannot drop index used for enforcement of unique/Primary Key.


SQL> drop index tbl_pk;
 drop index tbl_pk
 ERROR at line 1:
 ORA-02429: cannot drop index used for enforcement of unique/primary key

To delete the index from the table you have to delete its constraint. As per the error-index is created with a unique/primary key.

Check the name of the constraint and constraint type:

Note: Primary and unique key has indexed with them so we are checking name for only those constraints

 col owner for a15
 col constraint_name for a25
 col constraint_type for a25
 Select OWNER, CONSTRAINT_NAME, CONSTRAINT_TYPE from DBA_CONSTRAINTS where  table_name='Employee' and constraint_name in ('P','U');
 ----------    --------------      ---------------
 HR            Employee_ID_PK      P

Constraint Type:
C (check constraint a table)
P (primary key)
U (unique key)
R (referential integrity)
V (with check option, on a view)
O (read-only on view)

Get the DDL for the index or Constraint which you are going to Drop:

set echo off;
Set pages 999;
set long 90000;
select  dbms_metadata.get_ddl('CONSTRAINT','constraint_name','schema_name') as output from  dual;

Drop the constraint from the table to delete the index:

ALTER TABLE schema_name.table_name DROP CONSTRAINT contraint_name; 
Table altered.

Create the Constraint again for the table:

ALTER TABLE schema_name.table_name ADD CONSTRAINT constraint_name PRIMARY KEY ("column1", "column2", "column3");

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